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debt
An amount owed to another.
deed
The legal document conveying title to a property.
deed-in-lieu
Short for “deed in lieu of foreclosure,” this conveys title to the lender when
the borrower is in default and wants to avoid foreclosure. The lender may or may not cease
foreclosure activities if a borrower asks to provide a deed-in-lieu. Regardless of whether
the lender accepts the deed-in-lieu, the avoidance and non-repayment of debt will most
likely show on a credit history. What a deed-in-lieu may prevent is having the documents
preparatory to a foreclosure being recorded and become a matter of public record.
deed of trust
Some states, like California, do not record mortgages. Instead, they record a deed of
trust which is essentially the same thing.
default
Failure to make the mortgage payment within a specified period of time. For first
mortgages or first trust deeds, if a payment has still not been made within 30 days of the
due date, the loan is considered to be in default.
delinquency
Failure to make mortgage payments when mortgage payments are due. For most mortgages,
payments are due on the first day of the month. Even though they may not charge a
“late fee” for a number of days, the payment is still considered to be late and
the loan delinquent. When a loan payment is more than 30 days late, most lenders report
the late payment to one or more credit bureaus.
deposit
A sum of money given in advance of a larger amount being expected in the future. Often
called in real estate as an “earnest money deposit.”
depreciation
A decline in the value of property; the opposite of appreciation. Depreciation is also an
accounting term which shows the declining monetary value of an asset and is used as an
expense to reduce taxable income. Since this is not a true expense where money is actually
paid, lenders will add back depreciation expense for self-employed borrowers and count it
as income.
discount points
In the mortgage industry, this term is usually used in only in reference to government
loans, meaning FHA and VA loans. Discount points refer to any “points” paid in
addition to the one percent loan origination fee. A “point” is one percent of
the loan amount.
down payment
The part of the purchase price of a property that the buyer pays in cash and does not
finance with a mortgage.
due-on-sale
provision
A provision in a mortgage that allows the lender to demand repayment in full if the
borrower sells the property that serves as security for the mortgage.